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We measured an array of biophysical and spectral variables to evaluate the response and recovery of Spartina alterniflora to a sudden dieback event in spring and summer 2004 within a low marsh in coastal Virginia, USA. ( Log Out /  Species n... Name of animal-plant: Horse conch Species name: Eschr... Name of animal-plant: California seablite Long ago there was but one species of Spartina in the UK. When introduced this species can have a negative effect on native species including some endangered. We need more contributors, we need articles to our myths section!, you can mail your originalwork to. Spartina anglica is able to hybridize with S. alterniflora and was introduced to Puget Sound in 1961 (Hacker et al. Aristida chaseae – (HABITAT-upland) See facts, Fragrant fritillary – (HABITAT-upland) See facts, Lundell’s whitlow-wort – (HABITAT-upland) See facts, Robust spineflower – (HABITAT-upland) See facts, « Dwarf spikerush – (HABITAT-wetland) See facts, Gulf salt marsh snake – (HERP-snake) See facts », California seablite – (HABITAT-wetland) See facts, Great-tailed grackle – (BIRD-passerine) See facts, Horse conch – (INVERT-gastropod) See facts. All animals and plants are given a species name based on a technical term in biological taxnomy. Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) Alternate common name: Saltwater Cordgrass, Marsh Grass. This grass can be found growing on sandy aerobic or anaerobic soils with pHs ranging from 3.7 to 7.9. A shorter form, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the high marsh. Range/Geographical Distribution: Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. S. alterniflora thrives in anoxic low marsh habitats due to its ability to oxygenate its roots and rhizosphere. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Due to the lack of competition and vast resources in the marsh habitat, this grass is able to grow in high quantities and take over anywhere they can become established. This grass can only grow in a specific tidal area where its roots can be exposed to air half the day and submerged in water the other half. ( Log Out /  and … Habitat: Saltmarshes. It is widely distributed along the Atlantic coast from Nova Scotia to Florida and extending to the Gulf of Mexico from Florida to Texas. smooth cordgrass. If we ever need Spartina Patens (high marsh grass), they have thousands of plugs ($.35 per plug) and lots of seed. The first part of the name identifies the genus to which the species belongs and  the second part identifies the species within the genus. Spartina alterniflora. S. alterniflora is a dominant species that helps to stabilize the ecosystem, retain a seedbank of other species, uptake nutrients, and provide important habitat for wildlife. Species na... Name of animal-plant: Great-tailed grackle So what is the importance of this grass? Atlantic cordgrass. For a current distribution map, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Website. It out-competes many of the native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting them to marshlands. S. alterniflora is a foundation species, whose loss decreases ecosystem services and potentiates ecosystem state change. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. This grass, many will argue, is probably the most important grass here in the Lowcountry (Don’t tell the people in the suburbs who spend tons of time and money keeping their lawns green and healthy with non-native, highly inbred grasses from all over the world). Smooth cordgrass will tolerate regular inundations with 0 to 35 parts per thousand salinity. This grass has the scientific name Spartina alterniflora. ( Log Out /  The term typically refers to the zone in which the organism lives and where it … Grows between the low- and high-tide marks in salt and brackish marshes, forming dense colonies that usually parallel the shoreline. Green in spring and summer, turns light brown in late fall and winter. Its roots are a favorite food of snow geese. Using photosynthesis it is constantly producing energy which then get transferred to the rest of the ecosystem. They are well adapted physiologically to tolerate saline conditions with special salt … In this animals case it is: Spartina alterniflora. Size: Can reach eight feet in height. Red-headed Woodpeckers out for the Bird Count, Follow Jay's Nature Blog on WordPress.com. The bacteria and fungi also form a film on the top of the water which gets deposited on the mudflats during low tide and supplies marine worms, fiddler crabs, and other species with food. Native. These habitats, being some of the most diverse on the plant, are dominated by one species of plant. Salt Meadow Cordgrass / Spartina patens for sale. All throughout the year, especially during the winter, the stalks of the grass are dying and forming large floating masses called “wrack.”  This “wrack” can either end up floating out to sea and being deposited on the barrier island beaches above the high tide line (which plays an important role in dune growth and development along the beaches), or can become waterlogged and sink to the bottom of these estuary habitats. It was introduced in 1973 by the Army Corps of Engineers in an attempt to reclaim marshland, and was spread and replanted around the … Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Exotic Spartina alterniflora has become widely distributed along most of the coastlines in China in a wide range of inundation frequencies. The invasion of Spartina alterniflora is significant because of the rapid evolutionary process involved and the growing recognition of the biodiversity values of estuarine areas. Talking “Birds” and Bees, Except Just Birds at Wild Birds Unlimited!! Spartina alterniflora Habitat:Spartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) is commonly found in salt marshes, tidal flats, and on beaches. alterniflora, smooth cordgrass, is a critical component of the salt marsh vegetation community. Most of the very species which fuel our local seafood economy are dependent upon these salt marsh habitats, and without this grass there is no marsh (since the definition of a marsh is a flooded grassland). Threat status Europe: Not evaluated (IUCN) The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species. (Poaceae), native to the eastern United States, was introduced unintentionally into Japan (Aichi and Kumamoto Prefectures) at around 2010. It is the natural environment in which an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds a species population. However, the pathway of introduction of it is not known for this particular region. Quick facts. Change ). Above is a picture taken of one of the vast salt marsh habitats around Charleston, SC. Fast, early growth shades out native... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 76c722-ZGJkN Species name: Spartina alterniflora. Species name: Pleu... Name of animal-plant: Silver drum Description: A large, coarse, green grass specially adapted to live in a saline environment. It has been reported that the invasion of Spartina alterniflora changed the soil microbial community in the mangrove ecosystem in China, especially the bacterial community, although the response of soil fungal communities and soil microbial ecological functions to the invasion of Spartina alterniflora remains unclear. Pick up order or have shipped to you. If this important grass species goes away, so does the vast ecosystem it supports. We need more contributors, we need articles to our myths section!, you can mail your originalwork to helpout@whykids.org We will credit the article with your name! Size "Short" form grows to 2 feet tall; "tall" form grows to 7 feet tall Habitat. ( Log Out /  Smooth Cordgrass. The species name consists of two words and is based on Latin. [Google Scholar] Somers G. F., Grant D. (1981). Also found on the west coast from Washington to California. Plant type: HABITAT. It is unique to other plants around due to the fact it has a very thick waxy cuticle which protects it from the outer environment and that it has glands on its stems which excrete salt ions from the water it takes in. Spartina alterniflora . Along with its energy production, this grass also provides a safe haven for many larval organisms. This is not the variety that would grow in/on the water, though it is salt tolerant and normally can sustain salt water inundation 3-4 times per year (rather than daily as is the case with Spartina Alterniflora). Coarse, green grass specially adapted to live in a saline environment Change ), are. Case it is: Spartina alterniflora ( smooth cordgrass – ( HABITAT-wetland ) See facts widely distributed along east. Anoxic low marsh habitats due to development along our waterways, these habitats, being some of name... Status Europe: not evaluated ( IUCN ) the EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species this! Of snow geese cordgrass - Spartina alterniflora Loisel addition to S. alterniflora, …... Louisiana ) native habitats: salt marsh, tidal flats, beaches Conventions and Agreements most of the identifies! And extending to the zone in which an organism lives, or Spartina grass producer! 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