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There was already evidence of inbreeding depression in some gorilla populations, evident through birth defects like syndactyly. We’ve given it some thought and compiled a list. [9], Most primates are bonded together by the relationship between females, a pattern also seen in many human families. They are the second most endangered subspecies of gorilla. They will eat smaller ground plants and vines as well as foraging in the trees. Unusually, the gorilla's thumbs are larger than the fingers. [10], Conservation groups negotiated with rebels who control the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo to re-arm the park guards. The eastern lowland gorilla is the largest of the two species of the Eastern gorilla subspecies. Conservation interventions for the eastern lowland gorilla have suggested implementing captive breeding programs or translocations between the eastern lowland subgroups. Illegal hunting in the forests of DR Congo is pushing the eastern lowland gorilla ever-closer to extinction. Their range covers an area through Uganda, Rwanda and the west of the Democratic Republic of Congo. They have a strong skeleton w… WWF treats priority species as one of the most ecologically, economically and/or culturally important species on our planet. The maximum standing height for males is 1.85 metres (6.1 ft), while females reach 1.6 metres (5.2 ft). [10] Farmers who have come in contact with gorillas in their plantations have killed the gorilla and obtained a double benefit, protecting their crop and using the meat of the gorilla to sell at the market.[10]. They are one of the most intelligent species of primates. Eastern lowland gorilla has a varied plants diet including fruits, leaves, stems and bark as well as small insects such as ants and termites. Approximately two million people, directly and indirectly related to the Rwandan genocide in 1994, fled to Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, mainly in Virunga National Park. Females typically weigh 90–125kg and are 20cm shorter. Important populations of this gorilla live in the Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko National Parks and their adjacent forests, the Tayna Gorilla Reserve, the Usala forest and on the Itombwe Massif. [9] Although they occasionally eat ants, insects form only a minor part of their diet. One species that warrants this classification is the Eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). The anatomy of the eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is robust and big. [13] It is eaten by displaced peoples residing in the region affected by the civil war, militias groups and loggers and miners. The Eastern gorilla The Eastern gorilla is comprised of 2 gorilla sub-species; the Eastern Lowland gorilla and scientifically, these are best referred to as Gorilla beringei graueri. Aglarech - Public Domain. Southern rockhopper penguin. The face, ears, hands, … Illegal logging may occur from companies with no rights to the land or by legal landholders. Although park rangers are trained to stop illegal hunting, the small number of park rangers do not have access to further training or equipment to handle the militia groups. These males protect their group from danger. A female will give birth to a single infant after a gestation period of about 8½ months. On average, a silverback mountain gorilla weighs over 195 kilograms while Male eastern lowland gorillas weigh over 210 kilograms. The eastern lowland gorilla—also known as Grauer’s gorilla—is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. An adult male gorilla can weigh up to 225 kilograms and stand 1.8 meters in height. The civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo means military groups remain in the forest for long periods of time. It has been estimated that more than half of the 240 gorillas known in one study have been killed as a result of poaching. It has a jet black coat like the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei), although the hair is shorter on the head and body. Eastern Lowland Gorilla Trekking is another form of gorilla trekking only that this one is done in lowlands and on a different type of gorillas. Geographical Location Shot in wildlife. What are the 10 smartest animals on Earth? They eat every part of the plant, including roots, leaves, fruit, stems, flowers, bark, and even fungi (e.g. The head is large, with wide nostrils and a flat nose, and a thick neck leads to their long muscular arms and stocky broad chests. It is listed as Critically endangered and found in the lowland swamps of Democratic republic of Congo. Eastern Lowland Gorillas are one of the species of the gorilla beringei beringei and are special attractions that can be trekked mostly in central Africa. A family of Eastern Lowland Gorillas in the jungles of Congo A Familiy of Eastern Lowland Gorillas (gorilla beringei graueri) relaxing in the forest. [6][10], The primary cause of the decline in eastern lowland gorilla populations is poaching for meat, known as bushmeat. The eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) or Grauer's gorilla is a subspecies of eastern gorilla endemic to the mountainous forests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. eastern lowland gorilla. One of the most studied eastern lowland gorilla population lives in the highlands of Kahuzi-Biega, where habitats vary between dense primary forests to moderately moist woodland, to Cyperus swamp and peat bog. Threats to the eastern lowland gorilla's survival include poaching, civil unrest, and the destruction of gorilla habitat through logging, mining, and agriculture. [10] In the Virunga National Park, for example, 190 park rangers have been killed in just the past 15 years from civil war. This lack of diversity is thought to be due to limited number of founders and low levels of migration, which has resulted in a high level of inbreeding in these small population. The size of eastern lowland gorillas is bigger compared to mountain gorillas. Gorillas live in family groups called troops. According to a 2004 report there were only about 5,000 eastern lowland gorillas in the wild,[2] down to fewer than 3,800 in 2016,[3] compared to over 100,000 western lowland gorillas. As such, we are working to ensure all great apes can live and thrive in their natural habitats. africa. Drive to Kigali. These gorillas are endemic to Democratic Republic of Congo and there is no other place on earth where they can be found. Eastern Lowland Gorilla. mushrooms). Eastern Lowland Gorillas have black coats which in males, like other gorillas, turns silver at the back as the animal matures. [10] Reports from 2007 state that 14,694 tons of cassiterite ($45 million USD), 1,193 tons of wolframite (worth $4.27 million USD) and 393 tons of coltan ($5.42 million USD) were exported in 2007. Eastern lowland gorillas are the largest subspecies of gorilla and the largest living primates. The militia groups present in the region restrict protection of the eastern lowland gorilla. Aside from their size, males are also distinguished from females by a silver saddle on the… [10] This has reduced the financial input available to the militias in the region. Like the Western species of gorilla, the Eastern Lowland Gorillas walk on all fours, however, they use the knuckles on their hands instead of their palms. The eastern lowland gorilla also known as gorilla Beringei Graueri is a subspecies of the eastern gorilla, this subspecies is known to be the largest of all the four gorilla species and can only be found in Kahuzi Beiga national park, Maiko national park, Itombwe massif, Tayna gorilla reserve and Usala forest in the Democratic Republic of Congo. [10] This has a detrimental effect on the eastern lowland gorilla populations because of their slow rate of reproduction and their already struggling population. Despite its size, eastern lowland gorillas subsist mainly on fruit and other herbaceous materials, just like other gorilla … [14] Surveys have shown that great apes, chimpanzees and bonobos comprise 0.5-2% of the meat found in bushmeats markets. The baby can crawl at around nine weeks old and can walk at about 35 weeks old. Violence in the region has made research difficult, however, scientists have estimated that the population has decreased by more than 50% since the mid-1990s. Also known as Grauer's gorilla, the eastern lowland gorilla is the largest of the gorilla subspecies. Gorillas living in zoos are usually heavier than those in the wild, since they get less exercise and can weigh as much as 270 kilograms (… In comparison to western lowland gorillas, found in low altitude tropical forests, eastern lowland gorillas travel much less and increase their consumption of herbaceous vegetation. Conservation groups,[16] International Gorilla Conservation Program and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (German development agency) have funded the guards for the past several years. [10] Coltan in particular is one of the main export resources bought by multinational corporations illegally and is growing in demand due to its use for cellphones. Today, this subspecies is confined to the primary tropical forest of eastern DRC – most notably in Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko National Parks, but a substantial portion of its habitat falls outside these areas in the vast, yet legally unprotected forest that separates them. Location: Kahuzi Biega, Democratic Republic of Congo. Eastern Lowland Gorillas are more robust in appearance than the Western Lowland Gorillas, having longer teeth, a stronger jaw and a broader body. It is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. Males weigh 163 kg (360 lb) on average while females usually weigh half as much. Northeastern Congo Basin Moist Forests. Gorrila territory affected by war, mining and logging. Conservation groups WWF, International Gorilla Conservation Program and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (German development agency) have funded the guards for the past several years.[15]. [6] In the mid-1990s, the population was recorded to be nearly 17,000 gorillas. [6] This primate species now occupies only 13% of its historical area. Please note: This page has been archived and its content may no longer be up-to-date. Outside their native range, only one female eastern lowland gorilla lives in captivity, at the Antwerp Zoo in Belgium. Range States [8], Gorillas spend long hours feeding on plant matter every day. Then … They have a broad chest, wide shoulders, short legs, and long strong arms. Connect with us; Facebook; Twitter; Instagram; YouTube; RSS Feeds; World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. They can be strong like chimpanzees and orangutans. Males have a standing height of 1.76 metres (5 ft 9 in) on average and females stand at 1.60 metres (5 ft 3 in) or less. The Eastern portion is around 2900 square miles which means the whole population of these gorillas lives in area slightly larger in comparison to state of Delaware. Grauer’s Gorilla (G. b. graueri), one subspecies of Eastern Gorilla – has lost 77% of its population since 1994, declining from 16,900 individuals to just 3,800 in 2015. View Original Eastern Lowland Gorilla Image View Eastern Lowland Gorilla Article. Gorillas and other great apes are a WWF priority species. Conservation status: Vulnerable. Once they reach maturity, both females and males usually leave the group. They are also known as Grauer’s gorilla after the scientist who discovered them. [17] This division could have been due to the small number of individuals sampled, or due to the social structures within the subspecies. Deforestation occurred as 80,000 refugees travelled into the park daily to find wood. Eastern Lowland gorillas are the largest gorilla species in Africa. Gorillas are large apes. It has jet black coats like the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei), although the hair is shorter on the head and body. So, without further ado, let the countdown begin! [10] Once the Congo war began in 1996, 500,000 refugees remained, putting pressure on the natural resources, including the eastern lowland gorilla. [9] Groups of eastern lowland gorillas are usually larger than those of western gorillas. Most recent blog post. © 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund), World’s largest wildlife conservation agreement - CITES - discusses priority wildlife trade issues, Reducing the threat of poaching and human encroachment in, Helping to develop a management plan for the. For example, gorillas form harems which may include two full-grown males. [15] Researchers have also stated that it is more difficult to patrol areas outside of the park and expect to find even higher levels of poaching. [15] After the war began, government funding of the park was stopped. Scientific Name: Gorilla beringei graueri Status: Endangered Number Remaining: estimated less than 17,000 Average Length: 4-5.5 feet Average Weight: up to 440 pounds Out of the four gorilla subspecies, the eastern lowland gorilla is the largest. Working to sustain the natural world for the benefit of people and nature. On this day, you will wake up very early in the morning and have a cup of tea. The Eastern Lowland Gorilla is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies of the Eastern Gorilla and is unique to the mountainous forest of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. [17], Wilkie and Carpenter, 1999; Fa et al., 2000; Brashares et al., 2004; Ryan and Bell, 2005; Poulsen et al., 2009), International Gorilla Conservation Program, "Eastern lowland gorilla numbers plunge to 5,000, study says", "Grauer’s Gorillas May Soon Be Extinct, Conservationists Say", WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (also known as World Wildlife Fund, Threats to gorillas Hunting & poaching, "Mountain gorilla genomes reveal the impact of long-term population decline and inbreeding". The eastern lowland gorilla or graur's gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is a subspecies of eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). A subspecies of eastern gorilla, the eastern lowland gorilla is found only in the rainforests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). [9], Gorillas do not eat banana fruits, but they may destroy banana trees to eat the nutritious pith. The eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) or Grauer's gorilla is a subspecies of eastern gorilla endemic to the mountainous forests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The eastern lowland gorilla shows a preference for regenerating vegetation associated with abandoned villages and fields. This species will sometimes eat insects, but for the most part they are herbivores. [10] Gorillas are also threatened directly by militia groups because of the prevalence of booby traps placed randomly throughout the forest. Infant gorillas normally stay with their mother for three to four years and mature at around 8 years old (females) and 12 years old (males). Thus, poaching has increased as militia and refugees become hungry. Gorillas are large forest-dwelling primates that live in the forests, swamps and lowlands areas of East, West and Central Africa. Results suggest that within the eastern lowland gorilla subspecies there is an extreme lack of variation, which could reduce the potential of the subspecies to undergo natural selection and adapt to their environment. Most parks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are insecure areas restricting the access of park rangers. The areas logged are prime gorilla habitat and is considered an international concern. Traxy’s alone bought 226 tonnes of coltan in 2007 which is 57% of the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s entire coltan. It is distinguished from other gorillas by its stocky body, large hands and short muzzle. Military leaders have also disarmed the park security guards in national parks meaning they have virtually no control over the activities that occur within the park, and those that enter it, when faced with armed soldiers. The eastern lowland gorilla lives in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The region inhabited by eastern gorillas has decreased from 8,100 square miles to 4,600 square miles in the past 50 years. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_lowland_gorilla&oldid=992680701, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Endemic fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Articles with dead external links from February 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles to be expanded from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 15:20. The largest eastern lowland gorillas are in zoos, and they can reach more than 250 kilograms. The eastern lowland gorilla—also known as Grauer’s gorilla—is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. Democratic Republic of the Congo Companies involved in illegal exploitation therefore encourage environmental destruction in the area and fuel the illegal export industry controlled by militia groups. Deforestation occurred at a rate of 0.1 km2 per day. The United Nations Environmental Programme reported that resources from multinational corporations and pension funds in industrialized countries are "directed through subsidiary companies to help finance corruption and arms sales, processes that may involve 'conflict' natural resources"[10] Private companies have been found to trade weapons for resources or provide access to weapons through subsidiary companies.[10]. Silverbacks are strong and each group has one dominant leader (see alpha male). Eastern lowland gorillas are highly sociable and very peaceful, living in groups of two to over 30. They are mostly found in the Eastern side of the country. 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