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The indigenous peoples of what is now the United States were split into countess tribes, practiced a variety of religions and traditions, and developed different ways of life in different environments across North America. 1. Next lesson. What comes to mind for your students when they think of "Indians" or "Native Americans"? This resulted in an expedition led by European missionaries, who established a goal of transforming Africans into Catholics. Practice: European and African societies before contact. From language to structures within society, the culture of Native Americans has played a major role in influencing historic and day-to-day development of American culture. • The answer is that different groups of human beings living in their own regions are going to naturally develop their own traditions, different from other groups, as well as their own languages, etc, because they are only or mostly in contact with people in their own individual groups. After the Revolutionary War, the United States maintained the British policy of treaty-making with the Native American tribes. The Native American societies in South America before European conquest were more advanced and unified than those in North America. The Native American Ways in Olden Times Compared to the early European Settlers Way. In many of the different conflicts betweenAmerican’s and the Europeans, the Europeanshave almost always had NativeAmericanallies. So Amerindian societies of the Plains were much more nomadic, meaning mobile, societies. However, the Native Americans devoted themselves to each other and had no central rul… The Native Americans and the European settler’s of the New World were more different from one another than similar. A lot of desert. They were warriors, farmers, and craftswomen. Native Americans were also vulnerable during the colonial era because they had never been exposed to European diseases, like smallpox, so they didn’t have any immunity to the disease, as some Europeans did. Missionaries not only brought healthcare to Africa but they also destroyed African traditions by teaching Africans their European way of thinking. Means that usually involved the slaughtering of million, the act of deportation, severely depopulating some lands and taking advantage of its raw materials and human work force. Unlike European children, Native American children were seldom struck or "spanked" when they disobeyed. Native Americans and European Compare/Contrast Essay Europeans lived a much more modern way of life than the primitive lifestyle of Native Americans.Europeans referred to themselves as "civilized" and regarded Native Americans as "savage," "heathen," or "barbarian." Many Native American societies were matrilineal so children belonged to their mother's family rather than their father's and when a couple got married, the man moved in with his wife's family, not the other way around. The repartimiento and mita systems followed and forced the natives to work for limited to no pay.…, This affected the Africans who were brought over because many of those who came from Africa were part of separate nations who despised each other. There were over 200 North American tribes speaking over 200 different languages. Parts of sub-Saharan Africa were divided among small indigenous Iron Age states or chiefdoms. Following the abolishment of slavery in Africa in 1833, imperial powers sought out other means of labour that would substitute the need to resort to slavery. Many had their own language. There are several similarities in the way that Native Americans and colonists adapted to the environment. Similarities and Differences between Western Africans and Native Americans Cultural Development Western Africans They lived mostly near the Niger and Senegal river, good source of water for drinking and farming By:Prerak Patel Camels were needed because they would travel long Slave codes made blacks and their children the property of their white masters for life. The indigenous peoples of what is now the United States were split into countess tribes, practiced a variety of religions and traditions, and developed different ways of life in different environments across North America.Some native tribes were nomadic hunter-gatherers, migrating … A cultural region indicates an area where all the native peoples live similar lifestyles, even if they are unrelated to each other. Even though this conflict was not a major war in history, It still was a conflict that changed the relationship and land ownage between the two countries. Cloudflare Ray ID: 61283b236ab6f23a Punishment usually involved teasing and shame in front of the rest of the tribe. The Native Americans worshiped sun gods, corn gods and nature spirits of birds, bears and wolves. This great exchange of things and ideas influenced the modern age of globalization. The Spanish enslaved the natives and Africans on plantations.…, Slavery is an issue that many people find to be a disgrace now but it played a major part in how our Country was developed. The Native Americans were spiritually connected to the land and practiced culturally distinct methods to stay one with the land. Not even a conversion to Christianity could save an African from the harsh slave life. They felt it was justified because the Pope said they were “infidels and savages”. Since 1492, European explorers and settlers have tended to ignore the … Both the natives and Africans were affected by the greed of the Spanish in similar and different ways. In Native American society, however, women were much more prevalent in society. Americancitizens often were … This conflict of this war was that the British cheated and stole from the Yemassee Natives taking their supplies and land without their condolences. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Since they thought they had a intention to convert them europeans warranted their conquest of the Indians. many years in the future, and many more matters. Native American societies before contact. Since sugar and cotton were a big luxury in Spain. Fleets were sent to India, and was taken control of by Portuguese and later on British powers.…, The Yamasee war from 1715 to 1717 was an effect of colonialism that led misery and led to the loss of land for the Yemassee Natives. The Native Americans traded extensivelyamong the different tribes. Some native tribes were nomadic hunter-gatherers, migrating … India later on became a target, and was soon recognized for indentured labour, by taking advantage of its poverty stricken and desperate people. The people who were native to North America were not a single group, however, and various groups, or tribes, had specific ways of life and generally inhabited specific areas. This practice continued to flourish until the 17th century when the trans-Atlantic slave trade began introducing large number of African slaves in the American regions.…, Various natural resources and wild-life called the attention of European explorers and scientists. These structures were ingrained into each society so that the very practice was one of deep cultural practice. The first American immigrants, beginning more than 20,000 years ago, were intercontinental wanderers: hunters and their families following animal herds from Asia to America, across a land bridge where the Bering Strait is today. As one would expect, indigenous American farmers living in stratified societies, such as the Natchez, engaged with Europeans differently than did those who relied on hunting and gathering, such as the Apache. One obvious proof of this is the tremendous cultural change within Native Indian populations that took place due to these differences. The Africans who did come over developed a different culture that was centralized around Christianity because that was the only religion that was taught once the Africans arrived in America. African American and Native American life from post-bellum America to the mid-20th Century have followed different patterns. Europeans even claimed that Indian women lived a ―slavish life.‖ Yet, the natives responded by asserting European men were wasting good creatures that can work. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. European settlers begin coercing Native Americans to actively enslave other tribe’s people and sell them into slavery. This war was the “fight for the South” showing that even small wars like the Yamasee war could have a greater effect at the end of this…. • Native American and Europeans Similarities The Native Americans and Europeans also had many similarities. And so societies in these regions adapted to the dry climate in several ways. 1. Each group had a series of leaders, in some cased the leaders inherited their rolls in others they were elected. Their settlements grew products such as corn, beans, and…, European nations sought out to explore and capture these lands in any means necessary for the benefit of the home county. What was Native American society like before European contact? From a Native American perspective, the initial intentions of Europeans were not always immediately clear. The people who were native to North America were not a single group, however, and various groups, or tribes, had specific ways of life and generally inhabited specific areas. Several Native American tribes were put on reservations together in locations that are not traveled by most Americans. Their interaction provoked by multiple differences led to misunderstanding and sometimes conflict. Native Americans, also known as American Indians and Indigenous Americans, are the indigenous peoples of the United States. Native American identity in the United States is an evolving topic based on the struggle to define "Native American" or "(American) Indian" both for people who consider themselves Native American and for people who do not.Some people seek an identity that will provide for a stable definition for legal, social, and personal purposes. While the Europeans had a capitalism-based society, many Native Americans practiced a more reversed capitalism. The Native Americans and the European settler’s of the New World were more different from one another than similar. The tendency of war increased because slaves were first brought from coastal kingdoms.…, Later the Spanish began to conquer all of the natives’ land due to the Spaniards’ advanced technology and organization. Thousands of years ago, a frozen bridge joined Asia with North America. For the most part the Native American tribes lived peaceably believing that nature was sacred and was to be shared. Native Americans celebrate their heritage with regional gatherings. If this did not work, they would simply abandon the field to let it be fallow, and find a new spot for cultivation. If they killed an animal they ate, if they failed to do so they went hungry. Americans had been established to teach Indians in manners that were European, and for Indians, a school started in 1640. (Keene 21) After diseases wiped out many of the Guanche people, Europe decided to look to Africa for more laborers.…, The thing setting slaves apart from indentured servants, other than their skin color, were the slave codes. It is most likely that these people were hunting the great mammoth, a huge elephant with long tusks, a shaggy fur … The people in West Africa suffered the most since that was the main place where slaves were taken from, and that the tendency of war increased. The Europeans believed in an absolute commitment to the crown of England. It is the month to pick berries. What similarities and difference existed? Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Native Americans had a more primitive lifestyle than the Europeans modern way of life. Native Americans did plant beans next to corn; the beans would replace the nitrogen which the corn took from the ground, as well as using corn stalks for support for climbing. This is a huge contrast from indentured servitude, because the slave codes made it almost impossible to escape. These "apartment" style dwellings were the work of Natives of the Southwest. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Native American societies developed around their natural environments, using the resources that were available to them. When Christopher Columbus landed in Hispaniola, the tribes he met were friendly, willing to share and were open with their lifestyle and bounty. When the natives died, they import African slaves to replace the deceased. Europeans referred to themselves as “civilized” and looked at Native Americans as “savages.” In spite of that, Benjamin Franklin corresponded in, Remarks concerning the savages of North America, “Savages … Native Americans celebrate their heritage with regional gatherings. The U.S. government attempted to keep these citizens in places that were not seen by others so that they would not be noticed or remembered. When the sun comes up. One movement pushed from Cuba through Mexico, all the way into what is now the southwestern region of the, What Was Native American Society Like Before European Contact Case Study. Practice: Native American societies before European contact. Research scientists surmise that sometime during the Ice Age—35,000 to 10,000 years ago—glaciers allowed the first people to traverse a 50-mile wide gap between Siberia and Alaska (that is now underwater and referred to as Beringia). US agriculture was greatly influenced by Native American culture. Native Americans used controlled fires to burn weeds and clear fields; this would put nutrients back into the ground. They turned to the Native Indians who they viewed as an easy target for forced labor. One obvious proof of this is the tremendous cultural change within Native Indian populations that took place due to these differences. The Europeans, on the other hand, saw the land as an unending right. Native Americans lived under a democratic system and were separated into tribes and lived in tents. Old and new worlds collide. Perhaps one of the most well-known Native American influences on the US is in agriculture. First, there is the issue of language. Many of these new crops could be farmed then sold, but more so than that, these crops increased the diversification of the European diet, which lead to substantial popular growth and a healthier society (Morillo). Constant pressure on the Native Americans to convert eventually led to King Philip’s War in 1675. The potato, a better source of nutrition than wheat, lead to population growth in southern China and northeastern Europe.…, Christian missions were set up in Mexico and part of America to spread the ideas and beliefs of Christianity in North America. Problems faced by Native Americans. What similarities and difference existed? The European colonists and the Native Americans of the New World were divergent from one another than similar. Pre-colonization European society. What similarities and difference existed? Examples of Native American tribes include the Tuskegee, Cheyenne, and Arapaho. African societies and the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade. They usually descended from one individual. This demonstrates that the Europeans’ objective would be to assimilate the Native Americans by means of education into civilization. The is the same as to why did European societies develop different cultural traditions in different regions. In general, the treaties were to define the boundaries of Native American lands and to compensate for the taking of lands. This has created quite a difficulty betweenthe American’s and the Europeansand NativeAmericans. To Europeans, gender roles in Native society almost seemed like they were flipped upside down and they took this as evidence that Native people were uncivilized. There was no such thing as rich or poor between tribes, which eliminated competition to move up the social ladder. 1. The structures Native Americans called home were extremely varied and often exclusive to tribe or region. As time passed, it became engraved in American culture to have blacks as inferior slaves.…, First, the New World received an influx of new foods. Native Americans and colonization: the 16th and 17th centuries. One of the things that shocked early European observers of daily Native American life was the way children were punished. Native American culture of the Plains . By the time European adventurers arrived in … Two Native American peoples, the Incas and Aztecs, ruled over empires with stone tools and were just starting to experiment with bronze. Stereotyping Indians in this way denies the vast cultural differences between tribes. Education: Regarded as the best way to transform their lives, many young Native Americans were forced to go to boarding schools. Slaves were used because there were not enough willing laborers in America to keep up with agriculture production. However, the coming of the Europeans and the removal of their land led to conflict both between the different tribes and between the Indians and whites. Native American tribes were widespread throughout what is now the United States and the location of each tribe dictated how they responded to local resources. From the, There were two different directions of the Spanish conquest. The only thing that was similar between Native Americans and Europeans, in concerns to religion, was that they both believed in a higher power governing them. The Navajo people of the Southwest and the Cherokees of the Southeast have totally unrelated languages. When Europeans first came to the New World and saw the different life style that Native American women live, it was shocking. Differences Between European And Native American Society 1549 Words | 7 Pages. The Native Americans were mainly hunters and gatherers and did not hold much in … Although there were not written rules or complex governments, there was a defined structure and social norms that people were expected to conform to if they wanted to be a part of society. Also, within their settlements, the Spanish established sugar plantation and used the natives as a source of labor. Some Indian communities were approached with respect and in turn greeted the odd-looking visitors as guests. For example, squash, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, corn, tobacco, beans, vanilla and most importantly, the potato, were brought to Europe. The native were also used to mine for gold, but when the aspiration for gold died, the Spanish switched to ranching and farming to create a profit. None of the North American societies knew how to make bronze or … Your IP: 67.207.139.126 Native Americans had long practiced the institution of slavery as a means of tribesman replacement in the aftermath of deadly events such as a war which killed productive members of tribes1. Since the Native American were divided and were composed in tribes compared a single unit, it made it harder for Native Americans to defeat the Europeans. Europeans first used the Guanche, from North Africa, in the Canary Islands as slaves. Source: Wisdom Keepers. To say that a certain word, recipe, or custom is 'Indian' is incorrect." All of those tribes have their own traditions and their own customs. Each group or nation spoke the same language, and almost all were organized around an extended clan or family. What was Native American society like before European contact? In order to support their new land the Spanish used the encomienda system which forced the former Natives to become enslaved, but the rapid decrease in the population of the natives forced the end of the encomienda system. What was Native American society like before European contact? The potato however, had the most substantial impact on the Old World. Upon arrival to the New World, the European Americans adhered to a governmental monarchy, yet the Native Americans held to a tribal form of government. History >> Native Americans for Kids Social structure played an important role in traditional Native American societies. According to the book Native Americans, “Experts guess that more than half of the foods eaten all over the world today were first domesticated by Native Americans.” Faith & Culture. Because different tribes had to adapt to different locales, tribes became culturally distinguished, which led to tribe-specific rituals, social structures, and tactics for survival. The European settlers intrigued by the prospects of the land began to realize that maximizing the production of the land would entail the need for a large labor force. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Native American history is made additionally complex by the diverse geographic and cultural backgrounds of the peoples involved. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. In these ways, the European and Native American societies were extreme opposites.The political system was another way the two societies were different. The Native Americans were never exposed to European diseases, such as smallpox, so they were not immune to these new diseases and as a result many Native Americans were killed. Examples of Native American tribes include the Tuskegee, Cheyenne, and Arapaho. 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