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The government did not provide specialized accommodation for male victims. Courts convicted 19 traffickers (13 in 2017). However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes The government could not provide information on funds allocated for victim protection in 2017 and 2018 and did not provide funding to NGOs despite relying on their victim support and reintegration services. CPTV had two units, the protection agency and the urgent reception center (URC). A general upward trend in the number of boys and men in the total number of identified trafficking victims was observed in last three years. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Serbia, and traffickers exploit victims from Serbia abroad. Coordinator for the Arctic Region, Bureaus and Offices Reporting Directly to the Secretary, Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Office of the U.S. Minimum penalty for human trafficking, that is, for trafficking in a minor, as specified in Article 388, Paragraph 3, has been reduced from five to three years in prison, in spite of general upward trend in the number of children – victims of trafficking. Because of the war and the arrival of foreign military troupes during the disintegration of SFRY, the number of victims of human trafficking in Serbia grew. The perpetrators also sold three of these women and girls to other soldiers. When ASTRA was started, the problem of human trafficking in Serbia was not widely known nor theoretically studied. Moreover, trafficking in children for adoption is also regulated by a separate article (Article 389). Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. Country monitoring / Serbia / Serbia . Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes In April 2003, the Criminal Law of the Republic of Serbia was amended and modified to include, inter alia, criminal offence of human trafficking, which was governed by Article 111b. We see the experience of the majority countries in transition, which brings about changes in traditional family relations, repeated – women become the main breadwinner of the family, while men are being deprived of their “leading” role; it is such family structures where physical violence is on the rise, opposite to a situation where both partners support the family. Publisher. Women and girls are subjected to sex trafficking in private homes and apartments, nightclubs, and massage parlors. GRETA visited a LCSW-run shelter in Sremska Mitrovica and reported “good living conditions,” but these shelters generally lacked the specialized programs and trained staff necessary for working with trafficking victims. Although the government passed a law designating officially recognized victims as a “particularly vulnerable group” eligible for special assistance and procedural consideration, judges did not consistently assign the status of “especially vulnerable witness” to trafficking victims, including children; this status allowed witnesses to testify without the defendant present and allowed testimony via video link. Publisher. Trafficking in Serbia. Experts reported strengthened cooperation with the PPO but noted prosecutors faced difficulties in distinguishing between labor rights violations and forced labor. The privatization of the socially-owned sector during the process of economic and political transition affects increase in the unemployment of women who mostly work in socially-owned enterprises, in traditional “women” occupations. Serbia failing in fight against human trafficking Women and girls make up the vast majority of victims of human trafficking, often for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Overview During the breakup of Yugoslavia Serbia was the perpetrator of several human rights violations, most recognizably in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Law enforcement investigated 22 suspects (13 in 2017). These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. GRETA reported the Market Inspectorate may take up to two months to react to reports of fraudulent employment offers. Seventeen municipal governments maintained multidisciplinary anti-trafficking teams; however, observers reported most teams did not meet and had minimal activities in 2018. For 2006 71 victims of human trafficking were registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 31 of whom were locals, 22 from Serbia and Montenegro, six from Moldova, four from Ukraine, three from Croatia, two from Bulgaria and one from each of Switzerland, Russia and Romania, Radio-Television of the Republika Srpska (RTRS) reported. Traffickers exploit Serbian women in sex trafficking in Serbia, in neighboring countries, and throughout Europe, particularly Austria, Germany, Italy, and Turkey. Currently, there are two shelters specialized for victims of human trafficking operating in Serbia: one within NGO Counseling against Family Violence and another run by NGO Atina, which is focused on the reintegration of victims of human trafficking. In the post conflict period and due to consequent changes in the society, Serbia has also become a country of origin of trafficking victims. Tamara Vukasović is an expert on trafficking in human beings in Serbia and in the Balkan region. European number for missing children: 116 000. In April 2002, the National Team for Combating Human Trafficking was established, with almost identical list of participants, to operate at the level of the Republic of Serbia. Children from Serbia, particularly those from Roma communities, are victims of domestic human trafficking to engage in the worst forms of child labor, including commercial sexual exploitation. Serbia is a poor country with dominant patriarchal values which contributes to the mistreatment of young women in society and the human trafficking is just one of the causes of this problem. • Vigorously investigate, prosecute, and convict traffickers and sentence them to adequate penalties. Additionally, prosecutors often plead down sex trafficking cases to mediating prostitution. • Update the national referral mechanism with specific identification and referral procedures for children. Thousands of migrants and refugees from Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, and neighboring countries transiting through or left stranded in Serbia are vulnerable to trafficking within Serbia. Serbia is a transit country for victims trafficked from Bosnia, Croatia, and Slovenia and destined for Italy and other countries in Western Europe. The Whistleblower is a shocking film that reveals how Balkan peacekeepers turned a blind eye to kidnapping, torture and rape. Children, mostly Roma, continued to be trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation, forced marriage or forced street begging. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The government also used an outdated national referral mechanism that lacked established roles and responsibilities for referring victims to support services. During the same period, we have observe rise in the number of children that end up in the trafficking chain. Serbia is source, transit, and destination country for children, women, and men trafficked for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, coercion to commit crimes, forced begging and forced marriage. For example, the questionnaire used in the identification process was not adapted to children and children often did not understand the questions. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The government identified 76 victims (40 in 2017). People smuggling is booming, and new trafficking hubs are being established. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe . B92 News, 16 September 2006 The government allocated 8.02 million dinars ($77,580) to implement the strategy for the first two years. Judges did not always grant witness protection to trafficking victims or adequately protect victims’ rights during lengthy court proceedings. The government incorporated trafficking issues into grade school curriculums. Vulnerability and exploitation along the Balkan route: Identifying victims of human trafficking in Serbia. The government financed a television show and a media project on trafficking issues and organized educational and outreach activities, but efforts were on an ad hoc basis. The government updated standard operating procedures for CPTV, but experts continued to report the lack of control and transparency over the official victim assessment. Another emerging trend is rise in the share of mentally challenged persons in the total number of identified victims of trafficking. An official website of the United States government, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of the U.S. The government maintained a drop-in shelter for street children and when authorities identified victims, they returned them to their families, referred them to foster care, or placed them in one of the two Centers for Children without Parental Care. The government implemented the anti-trafficking strategy for 2017-2022 and adopted a national action plan for 2019-2020. Two additional victims identified in the migrant population were granted asylum. Particularly vulnerable are women with primary and secondary education working on positions for which new labor market circumstances require updated and advanced skills. Observers reported CPTV lacked specific procedures for child trafficking victims. The government continued to lack formal victim identification procedures, including standardized indicators to screen vulnerable populations. Signed: 16 May 2005 Ratified: 14 April 2009 Entry into force: 1 August 2009. Victims frequently appeared in front of their traffickers and did not receive notification when authorities released their traffickers from custody. Because of the war and the arrival of foreign military troupes during the disintegration of SFRY, the number of victims of human trafficking in Serbia grew. Princess Eugenie Travels to Serbia to Help Fight Human Trafficking Ahead of Her Royal Wedding this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Police continued to enforce laws against purchasing commercial sex, but the government did not make efforts to reduce demand for forced labor. (4,9,13,14) Girls, Roma children, and children from low-income families in rural communities, are most vulnerable to child labor, including trafficking in persons. Agency’s role is to coordinate all organizations and institutions involved in counter-trafficking effort in Serbia. Our organization “IBSSA-Anti human trafficking Bureau Serbia” (“IBSSA-ANTI HUMAN TRAFFICKING BUREAU SERBIA”), is oriented towards combating various forms of trafficking and any kind of exploitation of people. • Train investigators, prosecutors, and judges on victim-centered approaches to trafficking cases. In a context where people transit through countries within a relatively short time period, there is little time for the identification of trafficking and vulnerabilities to trafficking. Many who participated in Serb forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina were brought up on crimes against humanity and eventually indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for The Former Yugoslavia. The results of a research study on domestic violence in Serbia, conducted by the Victimology Society of Serbia, indicate that every other woman in Serbia experiences mental violence in family, every third suffer physical violence and every fourth is threatened by violence. CPTV and civil society organizations intervened to suspend known prosecutions of trafficking victims but were not always successful. This connects their national law enforcement with other countries and with the General Secretariat via our secure global police communications network called I-24/7. To date, the National Action Plan has not been completed. Since possibilities for immigrating abroad legally are limited, advertisements offering jobs to babysitters, waitresses, nurses or dancers seem attractive to many women who want to leave. The Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (ASTRA) has announced call for proposals for local civil society organizations on the topic of prevention and fight against human trafficking in Serbia, within the project Improvement of space and possibilities for combating human trafficking. During the 1980s, Serbia (and former Yugoslavia as a whole), as a country with better living standards compared with the rest of the region, was primarily the country of destination for women from Eastern Europe. Seventeen traffickers received imprisonment and two received suspended sentences, but the government did not collect or report information on the length of sentences. The government maintained prevention efforts. 1st Evaluation Round GRETA's Report and Government’s Comments, published 16 January 2014; Observers reported CPTV continued to consistently appoint lawyers to represent victims, but the length of trials and assistance provided to victims depended on the individual prosecutor or judge. The government finished consolidating the jurisdiction to investigate trafficking under the CPD; in previous years, the border police and Foreigners Office split this responsibility, which hindered investigations because of unclear jurisdiction and the implication that trafficking required a transnational element. Statistical analysis shows a great share of the nationals human trafficking victims within the borders of the Republic of Serbia, an increase in the number of children human trafficking victims, dual or multiple exploitation of victims, as well as an increase in the number of Serbian nationals who are human trafficking victims abroad, namely male victims of labour exploitation in … Date. OSCE Mission to Serbia; Combating human trafficking; Resources . Having signed and ratified the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and Protocols thereto, the Republic of Serbia is under international legal obligation to implement them in practice. Serbia is a source, transit, and destination country for women and girls trafficked trans-nationally and internally for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. Alleged traffickers reportedly influenced some trafficking cases through bribery of the victim or judge. nationals human trafficking victims within the borders of the Republic of Serbia, an increase in the number of children human trafficking victims, dual or multiple exploitation of victims, as well as an increase in the number of Serbian nationals who are human trafficking victims abroad, namely male victims of labour exploitation in construction Contrary to expectations, they end up in countries of the region or in Western Europe, where they are forced into sexual services. Traffickers exploit Serbian women in sex trafficking in Serbia, in neighboring countries, and throughout Europe, particularly Austria, Germany, Italy, … The government penalized victims for crimes committed as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking, particularly forced criminality. Serbian citizens are equally at risk of all forms of exploitation at home and abroad. Traffickers exploit Serbian nationals, primarily men, in forced labor in labor-intensive sectors, such as the construction industry, in European countries (including Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Italy, Montenegro, and Russia) and the United Arab Emirates. Observers reported there were no child-friendly premises for interviews and the majority of social workers did not receive specific training on working with children. In all stages of human trafficking, women, children and men are exposed to different forms of abuse and exploitation, by which their basic human rights are violated. Foreign victims are trafficked to Serbia from Macedonia, Ukraine, Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, Albania, and the People’s Republic of China. Organization for Security and Co … The existing program of protection is not completely adapted to current trends. As reported over the past five years, Serbia is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor, … Country monitoring / Serbia / Serbia . • Implement victim-centered approaches and victim-witness protection measures for victims testifying in court to diminish intimidation and re-traumatization. Observers reported Serbian authorities threatened some victims with prosecution for non-cooperation. Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. The government licensed and regulated private employment agencies; however, observers reported in practice, tourist agencies also performed labor recruitment and were largely unregulated. serbia Each of our member countries hosts an INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB). In 2018, according to official data, the Center for the Protection of Victims of Trafficking in Humans formally identified 76 victims of human trafficking, 71 of whom are Serbian nationals, while a report for 2019 is expected by the end of December. Specifically, in the largest number of cases, victims of human trafficking are domestic citizens who are trafficked within the territory of our country, i.e. Local centers for social work (LCSW) often did not intervene in cases of potential forced begging, and forced labor involving Roma. She was one of the founders of ASTRA, the first anti-trafficking organization in Serbia. Another notorious and monstrous crime of so-called Kosovo is human organ trafficking. The CPD maintained an Anti-Trafficking Unit within the Directorate to Combat Organized Crime. The lack of official criteria and standards for NGOs seeking approval to provide victim services created obstacles for NGOs to obtain licenses and for victims to access care. coerced prostitution, where in the majority of cases women and children are exploited, as follows: in the period from 2002 until 2012 – 70%, whereas in the year 2012 sexual exploitation has a 76% share. For the reasons of different modalities in human trafficking and changing trends that we have observed during our five-year work on this problem, it is very hard to make a profile of the victims of trafficking in Serbia. CPTV maintained a protocol with the National Employment Service (NES) to assist victims in finding employment; CPTV referred 37 victims to NES for assistance (36 in 2017). OSCE Mission to Serbia; Combating human trafficking; Resources . Formalize victim identification procedures and ensure their implementation. The government operated a hotline to collect trafficking-related tips and publicly released information on anti-trafficking efforts, including prosecution data and protection efforts. Human trafficking recovery center opens in Belgrade. The government did not consistently apply non-penalization principles for trafficking victims, and judges did not protect victims’ rights during court proceedings. • Allocate sufficient resources to enable the Center for the Protection of Trafficking Victims to implement victim protection efforts. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. 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